Calloway County was established in 1821 and named in honor of Colonel Richard Callaway. Calloway County is located in the Jackson Purchase Region and is in the central time zone. Murray, the County seat, is located in extreme southwest Kentucky. The County's population in 2002 was 34,392 in a land area of 386 square miles. The elevation in the County is 550 feet above sea level. Calloway County is home to Murray State University and the beautiful Kentucky Lake. At one time it included what is now Marshall County. It is bounded on the North by Marshall County, East by the Tennessee River, South by the Tennessee state line and West by Graves County.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 411 square miles (1,064 km2), of which 386 square miles (1,000 km2) is land and 25 square miles (65 km2) is water.
Calloway County offers a low cost of living, low property taxes, a four-season climate and excellent educational systems. This, along with being named one of the 100 best communities for young people, makes Murray an ideal place to live.
Murray, Kentucky, located in Calloway County, is the home of Murray State University, the only public Ivey League Universityand, is only a short drive from both Kentucky Lake and Land Between the Lakes. Whether you have always lived in Murray, attend Murray State, are just here for a visit or are one of the many who chose to relocate to this certified retirement community, it feels like home. The history of murray was very renouned for its dealing with starting out as just a trading center and post office in the 1820's. That time it was called Williston in honor of Kames Willis, an early settler. later, hte name was changed to pooltown after Robert Pool, a local merchant. Then once again, it was changed again to Pleasant Springs, until in honor for Congressman John L. Murray, its present name was adopted on Jan. 17, 1844.
Murray was not the original county seat of Calloway County. In 1822 Calloway County and Marshall County were but one single county with the county seat being Wadesboro. In 1842, the state legislature divided the area into two separate counties. Shortly thereafter it was decided that a new county seat would be developed, more centrally located than Wadesboro. A site was selected at the geographic center of the county, a village named Murray. A courthouse was quickly built along with a jail. Murray was formed on an 80-acre (320,000 sq. meters) plot and was subdivided into 137 business and residential lots with 8 streets total in the village, thus the birth of Murray.
The Civil War era
While officially Murray and Calloway County were declared neutral during the Civil War , there was a large following of the Confederate States of America late in the war. There were not a lot of large conflicts that took place in the town of Murray, but the citizens did see some guerrilla warfare . In the spring of 1862 the general of the Union forces stationed in Paducah, Kentucky made his way to the Tennessee River , taking whatever property he wanted from the Murray townspeople. On more than one occasion, the town of Murray was burned. Once, the town was burned due to raids on its citizens by guerrillas who took every valuable they could get their hands on. On another occasion, a diary by Josh Ellison states that in the winter of 1864 a squad of soldiers from Paducah burned the east side of the court square on Friday night, and on Monday they burned the north side of the court square. There have been estimates that 800 men from the area joined the Confederate States of America, while 200 joined the Union. To this day, a monument on the northeast side of the court square stands, honoring the Confederate States of America. The monument was a gift from the United Daughters of the Confederacy. It is the only Confederate monument in the south that does not face squarely north. There have been many myths as to why this is, but nothing substantial has been made official.
Kentucky Lake Communities
- Murray (Principal City located 15 miles from Kentucky Lake)
- Elm Grove
- Harris Grove
- Lynn Grove
- New Concord
Lake Locations in this County
Blood River, Cypress Bay, Anderson Creek, Snipe Creek, Wildcat Creek, Ledbetter Bay, Kentucky Lake
Central Park, Chesnut Park
Miller Memorial Golf Course , Murray Country Club, Sullivan's Par 3 Course, Oaks Country Club